Design of the National Thailand Flag
According to the Flag Act of BE 2522 that was created in 1979, the design of the national flag is described as rectangular with 9 part length and 6 part width. The flag is then divided into 5 different stripes throughout the flag length. The middle stripe is about twice wider than the other stripes with blue color.
The white stripes are located next to each side of the blue stripes. The red stripes are located next to each side of the white stripes. The National flag of Thailand is now called as Tri-Rong flag or thong trai rong flag. It means tricolor flag. This is the latest flag that is created after Thailand changed the design of the flag a few times before.
History of the National Thailand Flag
The first flag used in the Siam area was a plain red one. This flag was first used under Narai around 1656 – 1688. Then, the naval flags also used the same red background with some different symbols, including a white chakra and a white elephant inside the chakra. The first flag in Thailand was created by Mongkut or Rama IV in 1855. This flag showed a white elephant on the red background. This flag was created because the plain red flag was not good enough for the International relationships.
After that period, there were several flags that were created with an Elephant design in the middle of the flag. The elephant was used because this animal was very popular among many people in Thailand. The red background was still used as a representation of the Thai culture and strong history in this country.
In 1916, this flag was then changed to emphasize a white elephant in the royal regalia. The white elephant was placed on the center part of the red background. This flag was defined as the civil ensign at that time. At that period, Rama VI saw the flag that was installed upside down during a flood. Therefore, he created a new flag with a symmetrical design for preventing this from happening in the future.
Around 1917, the middle color of the flag was changed into dark blue which was similar to the tone of indigo. At that time, blue was considered an auspicious color for Saturday. That was the day Rama VI was born. According to many sources, the blue color was also chosen for showing solidarity with other Allies of World War I. The Allies of WW I also had blue, red, and white colors on their flags.
The naval ensign from the Royal Thai Navy or RTN is also using the national flag. It has a similar background as the national flag, but it has a red circle in the middle part of this flag. The circle also has a white elephant facing the hoist. The naval jack from the Thai kingdom has the national flag with the emblem of the RTN in the middle. Both ensigns were adopted as the official ensigns in 1917.
There is a strict rule for anyone in Thailand. This rule is created to ensure that no one will disrespect this Thai flag. This flag should never be used, stored, displayed, or fastened in a dangerous way that would cause any damages to the flag. No one is allowed to put letters, marks, pictures, and other designs on the flag.